Friday, February 18, 2011

Challenges in Education in Today's Society - Globalization and Changes in Education

Ana-Maria Marinescu

Recent investigations in the study of demographical trends at global level are currently making light on a very controversial aspect, although ignored by global institutions, like O.N.U., U.N.D.P., G 20, same by organizations with attributions in the educational field (as UNESCO, Youth International Authorities and other). The so-called "demographic winter" phenomenon, which reveals the dramatic consequences of the "modern" life, marked by familial and moral decline, by miscarriage, vulgarization and the homosexuality "normalization", by the poisoning influence of the majority of mass-media and the "Hollywood culture" are inoculating egocentrism, frivolity and irresponsibility. Considering this demographical trend offers a new dimension to the way in which abundance and resource of the world are distributed and also gives a new vision on elementary educational issues.

The globalization of education is reflecting itself in the extension and unification of educational practices, used by all those public or private entities, involved as active social educators. Over time, the public education systems in developed or emerging countries, which promote formal education, are illustrating with consistency the practice of a classical education system. In the field of non-formal education there are used more innovating and diverse methods of education, but unfortunately few of this are oriented upon individual behaviour reshaping in the global context, and they are looking only to proliferate consumerist habits, by preparing youngsters for a successful professional career start. The presence of NGO's with international coverage and professional training companies has fixed the currently understood "development in education" in comfortable limits. This makes room for a reshape of educational fundamentals and, more obvious, for the ultimate purpose of learning.

Most people think that education should equip them with the proper exploitation instruments so that they can forever trample over the masses. Still other thinks that education should furnish them with noble ends rather than means to an end. The function of education, therefore, is to teach one to think intensively and to think critically. But education which stops with efficiency may prove the greatest menace to society. The most dangerous criminal may be the man gifted with reason, but with no morals.

Socially speacking, the technological revolution, the broaden access to information and the modern lifestyle facilities have made possible the appearance of an irreversible phenomenon in the conflict between generations. In our present times, the children, "sons of globalization" have access to multiple sources of information, with the internet being most of the time an instrument of self-education. The balance is leaning in the favour of the power of informed youth, who become "the teachers", explaining the new world order to the eldest. This theory takes into consideration the acceleration of technology and the way of our lifestyle, but, beyond its observational character, it does not bring up the discussion on the relevance of educational systems, visible outmoded, which attempts to destroy the moral and statutory principles. The wisdom is transmitted from the old generation to the youth, and not backward.

Therefore we are raising the question regarding the way organisms responsible for educational issues should reconsider the basic fundamentals of this basic activity, which clearly has guided the evolution of our world so far. It isn't enough for organizations like U.N.E.S.C.O or U.N.D.P. to confront the absence of primary education and the discrimination regarding access to education in underdeveloped countries, to avoid resettling the educational needs inside an inappropriate system. It is necessary to deal with these aspects in proper time, because we consider education the key-element which can slow down the process of planet and people self destruction.

The proposal regarding fundamentals reshaping and reviewing the individual education, approached in all stages and cycles of life, starts with the assumption that "Man has to be educated to act responsible towards the environment and civilization, and not interfere in the harmony and balanced world development with his behaviour". This observation, not exactly recent, triggered a chain of initiatives in the educational system in countries like France, Italy, Germany, including Romania, but I consider that implementing a discipline of Civic Education, in the gymnasium module is not enough, neither convincing.

We feel that the new fundamentals and principals of education, which must be known, understood and applied by every teacher, through all the range of educational processes in the long life learning of individuals, and also in the non formal educational process, whereat people have access during existence are:

1. Self-consciousness - is essential because it allows every individual to find his role in society, to know his weak points and to develop them according to his unique talents genetically inherited. A person aware of his/her self can easily act in choosing the occupation or the carrier to practice that he or she will be able to direct his energies to and recognize the real problems that the world and society faces. Consciousness-based education, introduced in 1971 by Maharishi Mahesh Yogi, is unique in its ability to effectively develop the total brain potential of every student.

2. Stimulating creativity - this special quality is reflected in the mental and social process of generating new ideas, concepts, associations, and permits individual adaptation to unpredictable contexts and situations. There are simple techniques, associated to lateral thinking that can promote this capacity, for example: improvisation, fiction as imaginary product, (Randomness, Improvisation, P.S.).

3. Communication - in the actual forms and methods used as learning practices, communication is not capitalized at being the supreme value, because mostly individual activity it's encouraged, which promotes inappropriate values like egoism, indifference, self-interest. Without communicating problems and discussing difficult situations, there is no way to claim solving the issues in optimal parameters of time, quality and accuracy. The man can not act in terms of social responsibility, as a "macro attitude", which I consider as being shallowly approached, especially in the economical environment.

4. Promoting a responsible role in society - education must train one for quick, resolute and effective thinking. To think incisively and to think for one's self is very difficult. We are prone to let our mental life become invaded by legions of half truths, prejudices, and propaganda. At this point, I often wonder whether or not education is fulfilling its purpose. A great majority of the so-called educated people do not think logically and scientifically. Even the press, the classroom, the platform, and the pulpit in many instances do not give us objective and unbiased truths. To save man from the morass of propaganda, in my opinion, is one of the chief aims of education. Education must enable one to sift and weigh evidence, to discern the true from the false, the real from the unreal, and the facts from the fiction. This is the way in which he or she could develop and exercise an active role in society.

5. Changing opening - in order to be able to intervene in the actual course of the life circle, accepting and promoting the changes is considered a healthy habit, which stimulates the flexibility and the disruption of existing corporately stereotypes, which are heading humanity to destruction, because of the ignorance or simply because of unknown problems that Terra is facing. From this perspective, the change tackling implies a real transformation at psychological level and of human behaviour, therefore to satisfy those priorities needed to be handled immediately. Here we refer to: the necessity of a re-conversion of world economy from a military economy to civil one, immediate solutions for energetic and environmental problems, as well as for the underdevelopment and poverty aspects propagated into the world.

6. Global vision upon world - the actual educational system, as a whole, is constituted by a sum of operations (method -> evaluation -> communication), whose final objective must reflect a pragmatic and global view on the world. At present, the youth is informed regarding global problems through sources like mass media, not making possible a healthy analysis, not making possible a debate and a thoroughness facilitation that could lead to the understanding and building-up personal opinions regarding aspects like underdevelopment, global economical relations, international monetary system, etc.

7. The ability of solving problems - solving problems is the easiest way to re-create conditions and actions in an artificial manner, experience which allows pupils and students to deal with in a constructive way and to develop solutions for different problems. Learning systems which are basically constructed like this are superior because it helps individuals to recognise and adapt to specific economic, social, psychological, spiritual context and to detect real problems in any form, associating optimal alternatives of decision. For example, simulating a complex economical context for a start-up enterprise leads to the stimulation of individual creativeness and decision-making abilities.

8. Multidisciplinary teams - to permit the reshaping and the restructuring of scholar curricular in the needed form in order to develop these abilities and capacities, we are suggesting even some changes in the study of discipline, considering the logical and contextual relations between them, providing an understanding of all existing correlations at a certain point. For example, Public Finances should be studied in the International Monetary System context and not separately. At the same time this characteristic involves, according to those said before, the start point of collaborations between students coming from different specialization, in order to accomplish complex projects with a multidisciplinary approach. In this case, the elaboration of a business plan would unite students from different specializations in economical science discipline (services, marketing, management) and students from engineering, agriculture and others profile Universities.

In recent years, there have been promoters that recognise the importance of remodelling and updating the learning systems and they have introduced some of this principals through various pedagogic and psychology methods and ideas, which became guide-lines in Universities educational activities from regions around the world. A recent example at this point is the study made by Clay Shirky, author of "Here Comes Everybody", in which he proposed an innovating learning model, named Open Model of Education. In the Closed Model of Education or Classical System, education is limited because the ideas that a school or district can consider can come from only a limited number of sources, usually teachers, administrators, and consultants. A great deal of thought must be put into the consideration of ideas because the time and cost of failure are so high. Time spent with meetings, staff training, and materials, has a cost. This means the filter for ideas is very high. Only those ideas that seem to have the most benefit will be implemented, though there is no way to know in advance that one of the ideas picked will bring the desired benefit, and one of the ideas left on the table could be the most effective and beneficial.

It is true that by putting into practice an educational system based on the same universal fundamentals it essentially means stimulating globalization through its universal optic itself. Although the manner in which this model contributes to the globalization phenomenon is clear, still we must consider the fact that the final purpose of education is no other then confronting globalization's effects and influences, as well as the global negative impact upon environment and, ultimately, upon the way people live everywhere. Education will allow us to know the actual estate of the world, with all its pluses and minuses, and also will increase the awareness of the impact of every individual upon the world and upon the next generations. In other words, we consider politics, economy or administrative sciences weapons of less importance in the process of global issues eradication, compared to education, as a social science.

To conclude, I would like to specify the way these ideas were generated and which were their fundamentals. This actual study is not a result a thorough research activity, neither a genius idea. I am myself a "product" of a classic, formal educational system, but also had some benefits form the non-formal educational system by involving myself in a volunteer organization that developed soft skills and hard skills both. I consider that these educational practices are not adapted enough to the global context that we are facing everyday, and that specialized literature is exposing, bringing up to light its pronounced effects of human existence on Terra. I am a person that does not hold sufficient information and power to be a voice and to be able to get involved in a sustainable and constant development of society, whose values are not profit, nepotism, indifference towards future generations, but responsibility to create and offer equal chances. I am an ambassador of a civilization which is plunging headfirst, shy daring to change the dissonant order and murderously world.

Ana-Maria Marinescu

Monday, February 14, 2011

The World's Map Will Change Radically

Shriram Sharma

The cause behind the possibility of a 3rd world war wherein guns were pressed on each others' heads was rule by certain classes. For how long did it continue? This question is pointless. But what took place was that a few powerful groups usurped large chunks of land and started arrogantly ruling over its weak minded indwellers. In short this is government system. Right since Adam's Era up till now with a few changes this is what is going on.

A certain group of rulers of the above type threw 2 bombs on Japan and forced them to surrender. This method of rule is venomous and as long as it lasts wars will continue to be fought. Today the worry is more because there is a possibility of nuclear warfare. Even if this is warded off there are other means that can lead to war. This because at the root of wars is powerful groups ruling and harassing weak subjects. It is on this basis that borders of various countries were etched. If this were not the case the partitioning would have merely been geographic. In that there would be one special quality that the downtrodden would have ruled. The talented class would have helped these downtrodden to get uplifted in an all round manner. Powerful people are less and weak are more. Hence in order to reform and sanctify the majority the responsibility has to be shouldered by progressive people. But where does one see all this? A group of few powerful people with the force of their intellect, rule, knowledge and wealth amass land everywhere and ask people to live as per their dictate. This is nothing but jungle law. The saying that 'the bull is his who has a stick' is being actually seen everywhere. The root cause of strife is the partitioning of various nations and a few potent groups bossing over it as rulers. This is nothing but snatching and grabbing of land. The more one is powerful the more one succeeds in instilling fear in others and thus emerges dictatorship.

Right since ancient times this is what is happening. The more one had dacoit groups the more neighboring areas were attacked and land, wealth etc was forcefully grabbed. Today the ways have changed. Today fights are not so open. Over it is the covering of principles. Yet the fact is one that powerful people want to boss over neighboring or far off countries so that the latter can be oppressed and one can greedily amass more power.

The borders of countries have become such that it appears natural. Those who have grabbed it seem just rulers of that nation. But if we deeply analyze on the basis of justice and aptness the story is totally different. Where is equality seen on earth where its children were born? Where does one see the prosperous people sharing their material comforts with less fortunate class of men? If this were to happen where would there be a need of few powerful groups usurping land and rule over it like dictators? The world's land would be looked upon as belonging to God and in every area each one would benefit equally. In the name of nations there would not be borders Even if borders were penned its cause would not be partitioning but would have been an easy geographical solution for traveling etc.

Petrol and oil seem to be majority in Middle East Arab countries. A few Arabs own it but since land belongs to everyone that natural wealth should benefit everybody. A lot of land in America and Africa lies bare. Since China and India are over populated, they require more land. This world should be a peaceful family and its land should belong to all. Everyone should benefit equally from its production. Crime commences when indwellers of a certain area start lording over it and whatever is produced there (oil, ores, petrol etc) is usurped by them.

The worst thing about crime is that the mighty cannot tolerate the weak. As a result everyone tries to become more powerful and the smaller ones get crushed in the mean time. Small or big wars have taken place due to this trend and if this continues no end can be sighted.

In my previous writings I had tried to show that as of now war can be warded off. I predict with emphasis that definitely war will not take place. Missiles of one country aiming at its enemy nation will stop functioning. But what will happen as a result? Wars are not always fought using guns. The real war is economy and finance based. A different type of war can manifest. One can get shattered in a different manner. Then where is the solution?

Now the solution will not be got by check mate but with one blow. Not only will nuclear war stop but that borders of nations will disappear and those who usurp land and lord over it will not be allowed to do so in future. At that time the countries seen today on the world map will no longer be seen. A World Nation will be born and even if borders are designed it will only be for easy transport, governance and wholesome industrialization.

This might appear impossible for those who think and hear all this. Why would America give up its land and why would Russia become lax with its friends? Why would China partition the land it owns? Why would oil producing countries share their production with others? There is a possibility that no one will voluntarily do all this. This is true especially the developed and advanced nations. Who listens to the voice of poor people there? Where do the poor have any power to enforce re-bordering the world? Today's circumstances show that change along the lines of what is being written here seems impossible. It is not necessary that what man thinks just now definitely will happen in future. In recent times tremendous changes have taken place as far as various nations' geographical, financial and intellectual condition is concerned. One will only be amazed on noting it. What is the difference seen after the 1st world war and 2nd world war? If one notes this from the standpoint of economic and politics a wondrous change has taken place in the world. They are so amazing that people at that time would not even have envisaged it. If one delves deep into the times of Hitler's rise and fall it will be clear that in that short time span a lot of changes took place in Europe which none had imagined previously.

Wars will be stopped hook line and sinker. For minor problems like atomic bombing be stopped and that chemical warfare comes to an end why should Divine Energies intervene? All this could have even been done by man's gross intellect. If today God intervenes so as to stop wars he will also have to see to it that their root cause which is borders between all nations be deleted once and for all. In future the earth's map will remain the same but in it those big small countries seen will no longer exist. Since long people have dreamt of a single world nation. People have so far only imagined about 'this world united peacefully as a family' but henceforth make no mistake this will actually be realized in the near future.

Amongst the powerful class there is only one and that is the backward class. This class from the standpoint of knowledge, means, experience and education lags behind. This class forms the majority in world society. Hence their say should mean a lot. Those who are wealthy and intelligent are small in number yet they are very powerful. Elderly people look after small children. From this standpoint so called elderly will have to think in a new way. They will have to look after the world public which although large in number is small as far as power is concerned. This is like elderly people looking after many children and rendering them capable. They will have to renounce the policy of benefitting from others' weakness.

Divine acts are called miracles. In very dark gloom one wonders from where it ushers in the hot ball of the sun. Since we daily view this it is not considered a miracle. Yet it is a miracle. One wonders from where clouds appear in the sky and one wonders how it pours as rain in jungles to render them lush green. This is very much mindboggling. If knives waved during a totally destructive war are withdrawn without it being fought then understanding should accept that the borders of various countries from the standpoint of cause and effect are very unnatural and least beneficial. Hence these borders must be wiped off eternally. This change will not take place from the standpoint of which class is more powerful and how much of flesh it digs up. In fact it will take place from the standpoint that ultimately all of mankind has to dwell on this very planet earth that too peacefully. He has to live for very long. If this is true then instead of chaos everyday it is best that we sit down so as to think in a serene manner and decide what is apt and what is not. Over here we must remember that not mere brawn but true wisdom will prevail.

Man will no longer be partitioned. He will not belong to one particular caste, sect etc. Similarly borders will not be created on the basis of who out of sheer muscle/money power has taken possession of a particular region. It is no point lamenting over past history. Ancient has to be neo created. When this earth was formed and mankind was born there was no country, caste, community, race etc to categorize it. Based on needs many could travel anywhere in the world without passport/visa etc. Wherever he found means useful for sustenance of life there he resided. Man's habit is to gather and not waste. Hence he created families, villages, towns etc. But today things are so problematic that we cannot live together and share things. Those who try to gather face envy and ultimately reap losses. Those who have more are more loved by God, he is more meritorious and of good fate; this alas does not hold true today.

Things are well nigh difficult. It is difficult to stop agitation. Those who believe that these difficulties shall be warded off must harbor one more faith that the world will be mapped newly and new world governance will come into being. This old body has become quite withered. It has been tattered. It will not be enough to sew it. It belongs to a very small world. It is not of 3 years but of 23 years. Hence it will have to be transformed in totality. We will force various government heads to think in a new way and stop all talks of waging wars. Steps taken in this direction must be withdrawn. Knives must return to their boxes. Along with this we will force great thinkers to realize that they proclaim today's world group as inapt and tell everyone that the old is dead and that in its place the new will be reinstated based on contemporary circumstances. One world-one nation will not just remain a principle. On its basis in fact programs will be designed and a single world, language, religion and culture will be born. Disparity based on caste, sects and wealth will end from its very roots. Whatever has to be done for this, will be done successfully by thinking and enterprising world leaders. Hence such upheaval will be seen in world thinking that what is lopsided will be straightened.

AUTHOR: Shriram Sharma Acharya founder of the International Gayatri Family was a great Yogi seer and incarnation of God who wrote volumes of scientific literature mainly on spiritual subjects for world welfare and peace. For more scientific e-books visit: and DESCRIPTION: Free e-books on Future Scientific Religion, Gayatri Science & Kundalini Yoga correlated to Neurosciences-ESP, Endocrinology, Anatomy, Psychology & Sociology for 1) material & spiritual prosperity & 2) uniting the world peacefully as a family. Ours is a strictly non-commercial website which aims at realizing the age old dream of great leaders and thinkers of the world: A beautiful borderless world.

Thursday, February 10, 2011

Book Covers - What You Must Know Before Buying Them

Ernie L

Books are often times the gifts that keeps on giving. Before movies, video games, and the internet people kept themselves entertained by reading books and many times they would share books in order to save money. Well, when a bunch of people share one book and it gets passed on from one person to another for years and years, a book can become pretty damaged. For this purpose, book covers were made, to help protect the book and keep it from getting too damaged so it can last for years and years.

Book covers are made from a variety of different materials, the most popular is almost always paper from a paper bag. Now paper covers do the trick but only for a short period of time, how many of you remember elementary school? Your teacher told you to cover your book, well, do you remember the condition of those books? They were not exactly what I would describe as pristine condition, which is why paper covers, although they are nice and will help protect your book for a short period of time, are not really worth the time and effort.

For great reading covers, if you really want to keep your book protected then you should look in to plastic book covers. Plastic covers last a lot longer than paper and they are also better at protecting your book from wear and tear. Plastic covers are also better at preventing water damage than paper book holders are. Plastic book holders are also reasonably priced and will last for decades keeping your books in great condition for generations to come.

Now if you really want to protect your books and have a cover that not only works well but also looks very nice then you should look in to leather book covers. Leather covers are very durable and although they are slightly more expensive than plastic covers you will find that they are well worth the price. Leather book covers are attractive and will last for generations to come.

If you are looking for book covers then the best place to find plastic or leather book covers is online. The internet will not only have a large amount of different varieties for you to choose from, you can also compare prices and get the best deal for your money without ever having to leave your house.

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Monday, February 7, 2011

Techniques To Enjoy Your Work

Brady Becker

If you want to succeed in your life goals, never forget about the concept of self. It is as important for getting ones objectives as struggle is. One has to take time and look at his plus points and negative points to analyze what hidden talents one has and how they can be used in the positive way.

People usually waste their time and remain stagnate. This is not a wise thing. You must always find ways to bring improvement in yourself. Spending on books and seminars that improve your skills and knowledge is a good investment and one should always do so if one desires promotion in his career.

It is not always that there is an opening in the company and you get promoted to it. Many times when the subordinate demonstrate to the boss that he has the potentials to go ahead, he can generate an opening for the talented candidate.

When you feel there is a dead end at your current organization and moving up the cadre is difficult, you better look for job openings at other companies. Take benefit of your work experience because you are now equipped for this search.

To prove yourself an interesting and efficient staff, you should look for some hobby that is interesting. The hobby should be interesting enough to make you feel relax and enjoy work at work place as well as at home. Exercise is good way of keeping you physically and mentally fit.

When you fail to come with the output you are required to, don't be bad to yourself. Many people have got the ability to laugh at their selves and make out humor of harsh situations. Such people always remain happy and their success rate is very high. They also learn from their mistakes instead of regretting on them.

Working with smile makes you feel relax and the work seems easy. Your facial muscles consume more energy when you frown than it takes for smile. For increasing your business, provide service with a smile. Smile makes a good impression of you on others.

When you add in friendliness and confidence in your personality, you present a soft image of yours to others.

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